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Street Law Case Summary PAGE  PAGE 4 © 2017 Street Law, Inc. McDonald v. City of Chicago Argued: March 2, 2010 Decided: June 28, 2010 Background The Second Amendment protects “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms,” but there has been an ongoing national debate about exactly what this phrase means. Lower courts have often ruled that reasonable gun regulations are allowed under the Second Amendment, but some individuals and interest groups argue that any gun regulation violates their constitutional rights. This debate only intensified after the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a handgun ban in the District of Columbia in 2008 (District of Columbia v. Heller). In this case, which is about a ban on guns in Chicago, the Court must consider whether the Second Amendment applies to state and local governments. When the Constitution was written, the Bill of Rights only applied to the federal government—not to the state or local governments. After the Civil War, however, the Constit...