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PoststructuralismBONNY NORTON AND BRIAN MORGANOur interest in poststructuralism in applied linguistics arises from our work as languageteachers and researchers, and our mutual desire to promote a productive relationshipbetween social theory and classroom practice. In support, we find three characteristicsof poststructural theory of particular relevance for our work. First, poststructuralism con-stitutes a set of theoretical stances that serve to critique prevailing assumptions regardingthe sources and nature of identity, and the rational, humanist subject of the Enlightenment(see Weedon, 1997; Norton, 2000; Kramsch, 2009; Morgan & Clarke, 2011). Second, post-structuralism critiques the conditions and foundations of knowledge, particularly withreference to its apparent objectivity and universal applicability (see Foucault, 1980). Third,poststructuralism critiques the representational capacities of language and texts, foreground-ing their intertextuality, multivocality, and at times, ind...