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RaceandEducationBRITTANYN.FOX-WILLIAMSColumbiaUniversity,USAR.L’HEUREUXLEWIS-MCCOYCityCollegeofNewYork,USAPrimaryandSecondaryEducationAccessSinceitsinception,publiceducationintheUnitedStateshasbeenbesetbyquestionsofwhichracialorethnicgroupsshouldbegrantedaccesstoschooling.Inmanystates,blackstudentswerelegallyprohibitedfromattendingschoolswithwhitestudents(dejuresegregation)butinthesouthwestoftheUnitedStatesLatinoswereoftensegregatedbypractice(defactosegregation).Thefirstfederallegalchallengetosuchsegrega-tionoccurredinthestateofCaliforniawiththeMendezv.Westminstercasein1947.TheMendezcasefoundthatthesegregationofstudentsofMexicandescentintoMexican-onlyschoolsvio-latedtheirrightsofequalprotectionundertheFourteenthAmendment.However,thisvictorydidnotleadtoschooldesegregationonanationalscale.Themostprominentcasetochallengeracialsegregationwasthe1954Brownv.BoardofEducationcase.Priortothedecision,17statespracticedlegallybindingsegregation,withmanymorepracticingsegregationwithoutalegalman-date...