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91ST ACADEMY AWARDS SPECIAL RULES FOR THE SHORT FILM AWARDS I. DEFINITIONS A. A short film is defined as an original motion picture that has a running time of 40 minutes or less, including all credits. B. This excludes from consideration such works as: 1. previews and advertising films 2. sequences from feature-length films, such as credit sequences 3. unaired episodes of established TV series 4. unsold TV series pilots II. CATEGORIES An award shall be given for the best achievement in each of two categories. A. Animated Short Film An animated film is defined as a motion picture in which movement and characters’ performances are created using a frame-by-frame technique, and usually falls into one of the two general fields of animation: narrative or abstract. Some of the techniques of animating films include but are not limited to hand-drawn animation, computer animation, stop-motion, clay animation, pixilation, cutout animation, pinscreen, camera multiple pass imagery, kaleidoscopic ef...