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ComputersinHumanBehavior125(2021)106944Availableonline7July20210747-5632/©2021ElsevierLtd.Allrightsreserved.AI, you can drive my car: How we evaluate human drivers vs. self-driving cars Joo-Wha Honga,*, Ignacio Cruzb, Dmitri Williamsa aUniversity of Southern California, Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism, 3502 Watt Way, Los Angeles, CA, 90089, USA bNorthwestern University, School of Communication, 70 Arts Cir Dr, Evanston, IL, 60208, USA ARTICLE INFO Keywords: Self-driving cars Schema theory Computers-are-social-actors Attribution theory Human-agent communication Human-computer interaction ABSTRACT This study tests how individuals attribute responsibility to an artificial intelligent (AI) agent or a human agent based on their involvement in a negative or positive event. In an online, vignette experimental between-subjects design, participants (n =230) responded to a questionnaire measuring their opinions about the level of re-sponsibility and involvement attributed to an...