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About the Artist Born: October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain Died: April 8, 1973 in Mougins, France Pablo Ruiz Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, poet, playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. He was born as the son of the painter and teacher José Ruiz Blasco and his wife María Picasso López. He is regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. He is best known as the co-founder of cubism. Picasso could draw and paint when he was very young. His first word was lápiz, the Spanish word for "pencil". At the age of eight, Picasso created his first oil painting called "The Picador". The start of the Cubism period is dated to the year 1909 and ended around 1912. This period was inspired by the French painter Paul Cezanne. This period is called Cubism because he often painted cubes. During this time, Pablo Picasso preferred to paint musical instruments and still-life objects. He also painted his friends. Picasso had his first exhibition in the...