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31ADANSONIA, sér. 3 • 2017 • 39 (1) © Publications scientifiques du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. www.adansonia.comKEY WORDSBark anatomy,biomechanics,fibers,mucilage cells and cavities,translucent phellem.Kotina E. L., Oskolski A. A., Tilney P. M. & van Wyk B.-E. 2017. — Bark anatomy of Adansonia digitata L. (Malvaceae). Adansonia, sér. 3, 39 (1): 31-40. https://doi.org/10.5252/a2017n1a3ABSTRACTThe bark structure of Adansonia digitata L. is described in detail. Characters of the bark that are shared with other Malvaceae include the presence of strongly dilating rays, mucilage cells and cavities, druses of calcium oxalate in the cells of cortical parenchyma and phloem rays, a storied arrangement of sieve tube members and axial parenchyma strands, the presence of secondary phloem fibers and their arrangement into tangential bands. The secondary phloem fibers are longer (2.8-8.6 mm) and more abundant than the libriform fibers (1.7-2.2 mm) in the wood of this species. The ab...