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PartIIMaterialandSocialTransformations 3BerniniStrutsMichaelColeFewworksinthehistoryofsculpturearemoreadmiredforthesheerskilloftheircarvingthanGianlorenzoBernini’sApolloandDaphne(figure3.1).CharlesAverycountsitamongthepiecesthatestablishedBerninias‘‘thegreatestsculptorintheworld.’’1PeterRockwellmaintainsthat‘‘anysculptorwholooksatBernini’sApolloandDaphnecanonlycomeawayastonished.’’2AndHowardHibbardconcludeshisdiscussionofthestatuebysuggestingthatitistoodazzling,showing‘‘aqualityofimmatureexcess,ofvirtuosityforitsownsake.’’3TheApolloandDaphnehascometostandastheperfectantithesistothemodernistprincipleof‘‘truthtomaterials,’’theultimateillustrationoftheartistdefyinghismedium’sverynature.Indeed,ithasbecomedifficult,inviewoftheApolloandDaphne,toimaginewhatBerninicouldnotmakemarbledo.NowonderJenniferMontagucausedasmallsensationwhenshearguedthatitsmostfamousfeatureswereexecutedbyBernini’sgiftedassistantGiulianoFinelliratherthanbythemasterhimself.4BerninibegantheApolloandDaphnein1622andhadlarge...