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Brutalist architecture1Brutalist architectureBoston City Hall, part of Government Center, Boston, Massachusetts(Gerhardt Kallmann and N. Michael McKinnell, 1969). The structure illustratestypical (but not necessary) Brutalist characteristics such as top-heavy massing, theuse of slender base supports, and the sculptural use of raw concrete.Brutalist architecture is a style ofarchitecture which flourished from the1950s to the mid 1970s, spawned from themodernist architectural movement.The term "brutalism"Trellick Tower, London, 1966-1972, designed byErnő Goldfinger. It is Grade II* listed.The British architects Alison and Peter Smithson coined the term in1953, from the French béton brut, or "raw concrete", a phrase used byLe Corbusier to describe the poured board-marked concrete with whichhe constructed many of his post-World War II buildings. The termgained wide currency when the British architectural critic ReynerBanham used it in the title of his 1966 book, The New Brutalism: Ethicor ...