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SAND AND GRAVEL, CONSTRUCTION—200066.1SAND AND GRAVEL, CONSTRUCTIONBy Wallace P. BolenDomestic survey data and tables were prepared by Cheryl J. Crawford, statistical assistant.Construction sand and gravel, one of the most accessiblenatural resources and a major basic raw material, is used mostlyby the construction industry. The construction sand and gravelindustry is a major contributor to and an indicator of theeconomic well-being of the Nation, producing a high volume ofbasic products with low unit value.A total of 1.12 billion metric tons (Gt) of construction sandand gravel was produced in the United States in 2000; this wasa slight increase compared with that of 1999 (table 1). After adecrease in production in 1991, sand and gravel productionincreased each year for the following 9 years, an indication ofthe continuous strong demand for construction aggregates in theUnited States.In January 2001, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) mailed7,892 construction sand and gravel survey form...