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Deewaar (“The Wall”) Yash Chopra, 1975 Congress Raj: The Nehru/Gandhi “dynasty” Jawaharlal Nehru, PM 1947-1964 four 5-year plans for capitalist-socialist economy disruptive programs of urbanization and industrialization Chinese invasion (1962) Indira (Nehru) Gandhi, PM 1966-1977 centralization of power, bank nationalization 1971 election slogan: “Abolish poverty!” 1971 Bangladesh war 1973 more industries, coal mines nationalized, but “black” economy flourishes Indira (Nehru) Gandhi, PM 1969-1977 (cont.) 1974, underground nuclear test high inflation, widespread labor unrest June, 1975, high court decision against PM June 25, 1975: massive demonstration in Delhi by opposition, call for “total revolution” June 26, PM declares “National Emergency” press censorship imposed, constitutional rights suspended dissidents arrested and detained PM announces “Disciplined Democracy” 1977, “India is Indira, Indira is India” Dramatis personae: Vijay Verma (Amitabh Bachchan)