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Citation:Launay,Robert.2022.DefiningReligion:DurkheimandWeberCompared.Religions13:89.https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13020089AcademicEditor:AntonyW.AlumkalReceived:29November2021Accepted:14January2022Published:18January2022Publisher’sNote:MDPIstaysneutralwithregardtojurisdictionalclaimsinpublishedmapsandinstitutionalaffil-iations.Copyright:©2022bytheauthor.LicenseeMDPI,Basel,Switzerland.ThisarticleisanopenaccessarticledistributedunderthetermsandconditionsoftheCreativeCommonsAttribution(CCBY)license(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).religionsArticleDefiningReligion:DurkheimandWeberComparedRobertLaunayDepartmentofAnthropology,NorthwesternUniversity,Evanston,IL60208,USA;[email protected]:EmileDurkheimbeganTheElementaryFormsoftheReligiousLifewithaninjunction:“Inordertoidentifythesimplestandmostprimitivereligionthatobservationcanmakeknowntous,wemustfirstdefinewhatisproperlyunderstoodasareligion”.Almostsimultaneously,MaxWeberwouldbeginthelongsectiononthesocio...