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Greek Architecture One of the many accomplishments of the ancient Greeks is their art and architecture. Public buildings were decorated with carvings of animals, people’s faces, leaves and flowers. Every element of a building was a work of art. The style used in Athens in the 400s B.C.E became standard in the Greek world and is known today as Classical Architecture. Greek life was dominated by religion, so it is not surprising that their temples were the biggest and most beautiful buildings. The temples also had a political purpose, as they were often constructed to show civil pride and power or to offer thanks to a patron god or goddess of the city-state for success in war. The temples were made of limestone or marble, with a roof or ceiling made of wood. The builders made use of stone columns. Types of Columns:There are three different types of columns: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The names (Doric, Ionic and Corinthian) show the geographic area in which they were frequently found. ...