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Japanese Clay-Walled House; Materials, Artisans and TechniquesIzumida Hideo, Dr Eng.Associate Professor, Department of Architecture and Civil EngineeringToyohashi University of TechnologyAddress: 10-43 Tenpaku, Toyohashi, Aichi, 441-8580 Japane-mail: [email protected]: +81-532-44-6832 Fax: +81-532-44-6831ABSTRACT Timber and clay have been the main building materials in Japanese house construction for hundreds of years. Timber forms the frame work, while the clay is used to wall the frame work. This traditional building technique drastically vanished in the second half of the 1970s as timber frame work was replaced by the North American style panel construction and clay wall by timber or steel paneling. However, Toyohashi and its environs are the exception and still maintain the building technique although the number of clay-walled houses constructed is decreasing. This paper reveals how and why the vernacular techniques is practiced in this area and discuss the issuers for mai...