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Jean (Hans) Arp Teaching Resource The Nature of Arp / September 15, 2018 - January 6, 2019 About Jean (Hans) Arp Artist Jean (Hans) Arp was born in 1886 in Strasbourg, the capital city of Alsace. This region was claimed alternately by Germany and France because of changing borders caused by World War I and World War II. Arp’s given name was Hans, but he later chose to go by the French equivalent, “Jean,” reflecting the shifting cultural and personal identity he experienced in his lifetime.  Think about a time in your life when you shifted between two identities. How did that experience shape how you think about and express yourself? Arp was a pioneer in making abstract artwork. He was a founder of the Dada movement and later explored Surrealism and other art movements of the early 20th century. Creating sculptures, reliefs, collages, drawings, textiles, and writings throughout his lifetime (d. 1966), Arp challenged art traditions and introduced chance, humor, and collaboration in his ...