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MODALVERBS:STRUCTURE& USE What are modal verbs?•Can•Could•May•MightThey are Auxiliaryverbsthat provide additional and specific meaning to the main verb of the sentence•Must•Shall•Should•Ought to•Will•Wouldsentence How do we use modals?Example: Marycould playthe piano SSubjectVVerbMExample: Marycould playthe piano They do not accept conjugationThey do not need other auxiliary verbs FormHe canski He cans ski or He can skisThere is no “s” in singularThere is no “do / does” in the questionThere is no “don’t / doesn’t” in the negativeHe canski He cans ski or He can skisWouldyou like to come with me?Doyou would like to come with me?They can’tbe seriousThey don’tcan be serious Formto can / caning to must /mustingModal verbs do not have infinitivesor –ingformsShe muststudy (strong obligation)We shouldhave gone the other way (recommendation)He couldplayfootballin hisyouth(ability in the past)Modal verbs are followed by an infinitive withoutto