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33Shaping Smart for Better Cities. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818636-7.00009-3© 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Chapter 3Responsive public spaces: Five mechanisms for the design of public space in the era of networked urbanismMartijn de Waal, Frank Suurenbroek, and Ivan NioAmsterdam University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsIntroductionIn the last decade, various new interdisciplinary practices of urban design have emerged, using labels such as media architecture (Hespanhol et al., 2017) digi-tal placemaking (Hespanhol, 2018) or urban interaction design (Brynskov et al., 2014) to describe themselves. What they have in common is that participants call for an approach to the design of urban space from an integrated or “hybrid” perspective (De Souza e Silva, 2006; Willis and Aurigi, 2011), combining the design of physical and digital infrastructures and experiences.The Amsterdam-based research project Coreus (Cocreating Responsive Urban Spaces) aimed to contr...