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TGIF: The NTU Linguist ChatroomAn Evidential Analysis of CSE lahTheColloquialSingaporeEnglish(CSE)particlelahhasbeenobservedtoconveymanydifferent,sometimescontradictory,pragmaticeffectssuchasforcefulnessorfriendliness.Becauseitcanbepronouncedusingseveralpitchcontours,someanalyses(e.g.Wong2004)characterisetheparticleasasetofpolysemousvariantsdistinguishedbypitchandfunction.However,evenwithinonepitchcontour,lahcanstillhavemultiplepragmaticeffects.Anissuewithcurrentanalysesisthattheyoftenfocusonlyononeaspectofhowlahisused,e.g.foremphasis,andneglectorbeunabletoaccountforotheraspects,e.g.toconveyfriendlinessorsolidarity.Inthistalk,Ifocusontwopitchcontoursoflah–alow,levelcontour(lah21)andahigh,fallingcontour(lah51)–andproposeananalysisoflahasanevidentialparticlethatindicatesthatthespeaker’sevidenceunderwritingherlah-markedassertioniscompletelyreliable.Whiletheissueofwhetherlahispolysemouswillremainopeninthistalk,Ishowhowthiscoremeaningisabletobetteraccountfortheparticle’svariouseffectswithin...