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The dying gaulAn Ancient Roman Masterpiece from the Capitoline Museum, RomeNational Gallery of Art October 15, 2013 – January 26, 2014Created in the first or second century AD, the Dying Gaul is one of the most renowned works from antiquity. This exhibition marks the first time it has left Italy since 1797, when Napo-leonic forces took the sculpture to Paris, where it was displayed at the Louvre until its return to Rome in 1816. The Dying Gaul depicts a warrior in his final moments, his face contorted in pain just before he collapses from the mortal wound to his chest (fig. 1). As an image of a vanquished enemy, the sculpture embodies courage in defeat, self-possession in the face of death, and the rec-ognition of nobility in an alien race. A univer-sally recognized masterpiece, the Dying Gaul is a deeply moving celebration of the human spirit.Fig. 1 (above and left detail) Dying Gaul, Roman, 1st or 2nd century AD, marble, 37 × 73 7⁄16 × 35 1⁄16 in., Sovrintendenza Capitolina — Musei C...