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1Vol.:(0123456789)Scientific Reports | (2022) 12:2926 | https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-06799-zwww.nature.com/scientificreportsThe microstructure and the origin of the Venus from WillendorfGerhard W. Weber1,7,8*, Alexander Lukeneder2,8, Mathias Harzhauser2,8, Philipp Mitteroecker3, Lisa Wurm4, Lisa‑Maria Hollaus1,7, Sarah Kainz1,7, Fabian Haack5, Walpurga Antl‑Weiser6 & Anton Kern6The origin and key details of the making of the ~ 30,000 year old Venus from Willendorf remained a secret since its discovery for more than a hundred years. Based on new micro‑computed tomography scans with a resolution of 11.5 µm, our analyses can explain the origin as well as the choice of material and particular surface features. It allowed the identification of internal structure properties and a chronological assignment of the Venus oolite to the Mesozoic. Sampling numerous oolite occurrences ranging ~ 2500 km from France to the Ukraine, we found a strikingly close match for grain size distribution ne...