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THE “NEW” TOXIC TORTS: AN ENVIRONMENTAL PERSPECTIVEByRichard D. Lindgren1PART 1 -- INTRODUCTIONPesticides, radioactive materials, genetically modified organisms – the list of potentially harmfulsubstances appears to be growing exponentially as we enter the 21st century. Pest controlchemicals, nuclear energy, and biotechnology substances are pervasive in modern industrialsociety, although the ecological and socio-economic costs/benefits of such products continue tobe hotly contested between their respective proponents and opponents.Nevertheless, it is clear that the production, use, management, transportation, and disposal ofsuch products poses risk to the environment and public health and safety. Whether the degree ofrisk is large or small remains subject to debate, but the existence of risk cannot be denied.Catastrophic environmental events during the past two decades have shown that the risks are realrather than speculative. Moreover, these events demonstrate that continuing public c...