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Learning in and beyond the Classroom: Ubiquity in Foreign Language Education 290 VARIATIONS BETWEEN WRITTEN AND SPOKEN HINDI Sandhya Singh ([email protected]) Centre for Language Studies Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences National University of Singapore Abstract There is a growing rift developing among Hindi speaking people about what is proper written Hindi and spoken Hindi. This problem arises, because Hindi has several spoken and written varieties. We see these language variations in popular media as well as in everyday Hindi. What we are seeing nowadays is the breakdown and mixing of the formal and informal structures. There are numerous examples of this difference in everyday use – an example of this is the ways in which patterns of address levels in Hindi are evolving and the development of a new spoken ‘semiformal level’ in addition to the normal standard, intimate, informal and formal levels of address. I argue instead of just teaching grammar rules, the learners should be taug...