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VI. GIAN LORENZO BERNINI (1598-1680) Biographical and background information 1. Born in Naples, son of a sculptor; family moved to Rome in 1605. 2. In addition to being a sculptor, Bernini was a painter, architect, playwright and stage designer. His interest in the theater extended to many of his architectural commissions, which combined sculpture and architecture. 3. Favorite artist of Pope Urban VIII (1623-44); lost and partially regained favor under Pope Innocent X (1644-55); favorite again of Pope Alexander VII (1655-67) 4. Traveled to Paris in 1665 at the invitation of Louis XIV. Selected works 5. Sculptures commissioned by Cardinal Scipione Borghese (all marble, Galleria Borghese, Rome) a. Pluto and Persephone, 1621-22 (8’) b. Apollo and Daphne, 1622-25 (8’) i. Comparison: Apollo Belvedere, Roman copy of Greek Hellenistic original, c. 130-140 A.D. (marble, 7.7’, Vatican Museums. Rome) c. David, 1623-24 (5’7”) 6. Funerary monuments a. Ecstasy of St. Theresa, Cornaro Chapel, Sta. M...