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Worldwidetransformationofdiets,burdensofmeatproductionandopportunitiesfornovelfoodproteinsVaclavSmil*UniversityofManitoba,DepartmentofGeography,WinnipegMBR3T2N2,CanadaAbstractDietarytransitionshaveresultedingenerallyhighermeatintakes.Intensivefeedingofanimalsisaratherinefficientwayofproducingdietaryproteinandithasalsoavarietyofundesirableenvironmentalandhealthimpacts.Partialsubstitutionofmeatproteinbyplantproteinsincorporatedingroundmeatsandprocessedmeatproductswouldhelptomoderatetheseimpacts.Keywords:Dietarytransition;Meatconsumption;Efficiencyofmeatproduction;Animalfeeding;Environmentalimpactsofintensiveanimalhusbandry;Plantproteins1.IntroductionCurrentglobalmarketforindustrialproteinsaddsuptoonlyasmallshare—mostlikelylessthan0.5%—ofmulti-facetedactivitiesthatarecommonlyincludedinthecatchallcategoryofbiotechnology[1].Thisisboundtochangeasitisclearthatproteinsderivedfromplantsorproducedbygeneticmanipulationofcropswillfindanincreasingvarietyofmedicinal,processingandmanufacturingapplicatio...